Diabetes is a health condition which affects the processes in the body that make energy. This can have several effects on the body including eye health.
The body uses sugar (glucose) from our food as energy. Sugar is sent to the bloodstream where a hormone called insulin is released to help it reach the body’s cells. With diabetes, the body doesn’t have enough insulin or doesn’t respond to it. This results in the sugar staying in the bloodstream. These consistent high sugar levels can lead to various health problems.
High blood sugar levels can cause damage to the back of the eye (retina). Eye disease and eye problems can occur which if left untreated can lead to blindness.